JEANS GENES
     Rockdale County Genealogical Society Publication
                                 November, 2000


                     Anniversary Meeting Planned for November

     The Rockdale County Genealogical Society will hold its anniversary meeting on
Sunday, November 12,; 2000, in the meeting room of the Nancy Guinn Memorial Library
at 3:00 p.m.  Refreshments will be served; and, the public is invited.  A program will be
presented by the members who are working on the Sherman's March-To-The-Sea
committee.  The progress being made by the committee will be detailed.


                Library Visitors List Surnames Researched

Al Granade, 1166 Smyrna Rd, Conyers, Ga. 30094  Researching Almand, Jackson,
Granade

Michael Bowen, 240 Sable Cir., Covington, Ga. 30016. Researching Bowen,
Pittman, O'Shields,Burkhart, Johnson, Jackson, Dillard, Almand, Dennard

Deanne Bowen, 240 Sable Cir., Covington, Ga. 30016.  Researching Hodges,
Johnson, Bankston, Kitchens, Edge, Smallwood, O'Bryant, Stokes, Pickett

Billy E. Payne, 3278 Old Salem Rd. SE, Conyers, Ga. 30013.  No surnames given.

Sherry Mixon Pierce, 3110 S. Oak Ct., Conyers, Ga. 30094.  Researching Hall,
Cochran, Mixon, Baker, Brown, Burnette, Watson, Moore, Sutton, Lide, Prince

Linda Elumbaugh, 3421 Deer Trace, Conyers, Ga. 30094.  Researching Cooper,
Byrd, Cofer.

Linda McDaniel, 2675 Rosebud Rd., Grayson, Ga. 30017.  Researching Almand,
Hudson, Townsend.
 
Deborah Schnake Autry, 55 Blackberry Ln., Covington, Ga. 30016.  Researching
Schnake, Haney

Patricia White Karg, 2765 Stanton Woods Dr., Conyers, Ga. 30094. No surnames
given.

Frieda Hill McCall, 3549 Sand Hill Dr., Conyers, Ga. 30094.  Researching
Hill, Turner, Varn.

Allen Almand, P. O. Box 20536, Amarillo, TX, 79114.  Researching Almand
history.

Randy Rogers, P. O. Box 12086, Jackson, MS, 39236.  Researching Almand family.

Bert Almand, 619 Hollyberry Dr., Mansfield, TX  76063.  Researching Almand
history.

Charles Wiggins, 1781 Honey Creek Rd., Conyers, Ga. 30094.  Researching
McCullan/McCullan Cemetery.

Jack Simonton Rice, 704 Princeton Ave., Ann Arbor, MI 48103.  Researching
Simonton history.

Peggy C. Kiaukaras, 7535 Luwilla Lane, Lithonia, Ga. No surnames given.

Suzanne Dunn, 251 Bel Air Dr., Stockbridge, Ga. Researching Stewart, Morrison,
Rape, Dingler.

M. Elizabeth Layson, 1562 Bentwood Dr., Lilburn, Ga. 30047.  Researching
Almand family.

Virginia Johnson, 143 Jinnafer Lane, Lilburn, Ga. 30047.  Researching Brooks
family.

Jewell Bennett Blankenship, 10004 Snowflake Ct., Charlotte, NC 28215.
Researching Bennett, Mason.

Joan Faulkner Garrison, 20012 Goode Rd., Conyers, GA. 30094.  Researching
Garrison, Faulkner, Trammell.

Shea Wolcott, 4260 McClares Ct., Conyers, Ga. 30094. No surnames given.

Christina and John Bryans, 2264 N. Vernon St., Arlington, VA 22207.
Researching Bryans, Huson.

Patricia Rydell, 1429 Chandler?, Lawrenceville, Ga. 30145, Researching Rydell,
Olsson.



 
                        New Books on Shelf for Use in Research

The Randolphs of Virginia (After the Amer. Rev.)        GA R 929.2097 RAN

History of Athens and Clarke County                     GA R 975.818 HIS

Wilcox Family of Caldwell County Kentucky               GA R 929.2 WIL

Genealogies of Virginia Families from Tyler's Quarterly GA R 929.3755 GEN

Clarke Co.(Athens) GA. Newspaper Abstracts. Vol 2       GA R 975.818 POS

Butts County Georgia Cemeteries                         GA R 975.8585 BUT

One Hundred Three Lost and Found Cemeteries of
Baldwin County, Georgia                                 GA R 975.8573 ONE

Index to War of 1812 Service Records                    GA R 973.894 KRA

Georgia's Official Register 1957-1958                   GA R 317.58 GEO

Notable Southern Families Vol. VI                       GA R 929.2 ARM #6

Notable Southern Families Vol. V (Crocket Family)       GA R 929.2 ARM #5

Notable Southern Families Vol. IV                       GA R 929.2 ARM #4

Notable Southern Families Vol. III                      GA R 929.2 ARM #3

Notable Southern Families Vol. II                       GA R 929.2 ARM #2

Notable Southern Families Vol. I                        GA R 929.2 ARM #1

Some Georgia County Records Vol. 10 (Baldwin, Burke,
Richmond and Jackson Counties)                          GA R 929.3 LUC

Clarke Co. (Athens) GA. Newspaper Abstracts

Georgia Express 1808 to 1813 Athens Gazette 1814-1820   GA R 975.818 POS

North Carolina Taxpayers 1679 - 1790                    GA R 929.3756 NOR

North Carolina Taxpayers 1701 - 1786                    GA R 929.3756 NOR

The Fourth or 1821 Land Lottery of GA.(includes Rock.)  GA R 929.3758 LUC

Genealogy Abstracts from the Carolina Spartan 1866-1872 GA R 929.3 VEH

Georgia Henry County Census 1840                        GA R 929.3758 CEN

Georgia's Official Register 1951-1952                   GA R 317.58 GEO

Georgia's Official Register 1953-1954                   GA R 317.58 GEO

Georgia's Official Register 1955-1956                   GA R 317.58 GEO

Georgia's Official Register 1959-1960                   GA R 317.58 GEO

The Iron Man of Georgia                                 GA R 975.8623 COO

Walton County, Georgia Marriage Records 1825-1870       GA R 975.8212 ING

Historical Account of Meriwether County 1827-1974       GA R 975.8455 PIN

Directory of the Ancestral Heads of New England
Families 1620-1700                                      GA R 929.374 HOL

Scotch-Irish Migration to South Carolina, 1772          GA R 929.3757 STE

Cherokee Connections                                    GA R 929.1089 GOR

Bible Records and Marriage Bonds of Tennessee           GA R 929.3768 ACK

The Winthrop Fleet of 1630 (English Ship Passengers)    GA R 974.4 BAN

Smith Wills-Deeds & Family Histories Vol. 1             GA R 929.2097 CHE

Georgia Families - A Bibliographic Listing              GA R 929.2097 HEH

History of Chattahoochee County, Georgia                GA R 975.8476 ROG

Cavaliers and Pioneers Abstracts of Va. Land Patents
and Grants  Vol. 1 1623-1666                            GA R 929.3755 NUG

The Heritage of Gordon County, GA 1850-1999             GA R 975.8362 HER

Floyd County, Georgia Confederates Vol. VIII            GA R 975.835 FLO



 
         Library Building Undergoes Repairs to Roof

The Nancy Quinn Memorial Library was shut down for a whole day on October 27,
2000, to allow extensive repairs to be made to the support struts which hold
up the air conditioning and heating units.  It had been discovered that the
original struts were unable to withstand the weight of the units which were
installed at the library.

Fortunately there had been no damage to the books or equipment and the repairs
were made without any problems.  The only problem had been the shifting of the
work area from under the supports which was an inconvenience to the library
staff.

The building was reopened on Saturday, October 28 and all activities at the
library were resumed including the activities in the genealogical and history
section.  The Genealogical Society invites everyone to visit the library and
use the facilities and materials in their genealogical research.


    1864 Map of the Rockdale Area to be Used in the Program for the
                            Meeting on November 12, 2000


     The Civil War Comes to Conyers     by Rosanna Taylor

During the Civil War perhaps the two most important military actions
to take place right here in Conyers, on the very ground where we sit
in fact, were Garrard's Raid and Sherman's March to the Sea.  The
Civil War Group is researching both of these events, and I will
include briefly our findings.  The first of these will be Garrard's
Raid.

In July of 1864 the Battle of Atlanta was raging.  General W. T.
Sherman, in command of the Union Forces, wanted the Georgia Railroad
crippled so that Confederate re-enforcements could not be brought in
from Augusta.  He ordered General Kenner Garrard to mount a cavalry
raid to burn the railroad bridges across the Yellow and Alcovy Rivers.
Garrard led his men out of Decatur on the rainy night of July 21,
1864, crossing the Yellow River at the Rockbridge, thus putting his
troups on the side of the Yellow River where his ultimate destination
of Covington lay.  But, he did not overlook Conyers.  He sent two
companies of the 98th Illinois Mounted Infantry to cross back over the
Yellow River.  This force of about fifty men charged into Conyers mid-
morning on July 22, just as a train arrived at the station.  A
skirmish ensued, but the raiders were soon in command and took
sixteen Confederate soldiers and citizens prisoner.  They set fire to
the train and the depot, then rode out of town to the east toward the
big 550-foot railroad bridge across the Yellow River, which was the
next object of their destruction.  In those sudden, short minutes the
citizens of Conyers would have witnessed the fury and the ruin of war,
and they would know that the heartland of Georgia, safe from invasion
until now, was safe no longer.

Rebel spirits would be revived somewhat the next day, when right
through Conyers, right by here on the Covington Road, thundered
General Joe Wheeler's Confederate cavalry on the trail of the raiders.
The day of the raid, July 22, Wheeler had been engaged in a fierce
battle in Decatur, but when he heard of Garrard's raid he was off in
hot pursuit. General Garrard himself and the 3,500 men which made up his main column never came to Conyers.  They moved eastward just north of the
Yellow River in a path which would take them through Oxford to
Covington.  They burned bridges, stores of cotton, hospital
facilities, wreaking a quick havoc, mindful not tarry long enough to
give Wheeler a chance to catch up with them.  They were successful.
They severed the Georgia Railroad and returned safely back to Decatur
on July 24th, with only five casualties.  They had ridden 90 miles in
three days and had managed to stay one jump ahead of Fighting Joe
Wheeler.

A few months later the Civil War would come to Conyers in a much
bigger way.  In mid-November of 1864 General Sherman led his army out
of the defeated City of Atlanta and began his famous March to the Sea.
Over the next few weeks he would move 60,000 soldiers across the state
of Georgia to Savannah.  On November 17, 1864, 15,000 of them with
Sherman himself at their head marched right through downtown Conyers,
while another 15,000 passed through the northern part of present-day
Rockdale, crossing Big Haynes Creek at Dial Mill.

So much has been written on (about) this famous March that one could
speak at length on the subject;  but, I will take up just one aspect
of the March, the matter of foraging.

Established military practice has it that armies are better supplied
by friends than foes, thus Sherman's superior, Ulysses S. Grant, took
some persuading when Sherman declared, "I can make this march, and
make Georgia howl."  His radical plan called for "No general train of
supplies," instead the army would "forage liberally on the country."
This was, in large part, how the "howling" would be accomplished.

With an army of 60,000 men, General Sherman had a lot of mouths to
feed;  but, Georgia in November of 1864 would prove equal to the task.
In war, as in life, timing is everything.  Sherman, in his Memoirs,
tells us, "the recent crop...had been just gathered and laid by for
winter."

Good timing would contribute, but the success of the March would also
require good organization.  The plan of the march called for the four
corps which made up Sherman's army to follow four different roads "as
near parallel as possible."  In this way they could appear to threaten
both Augusta to the east and Macon to the south, while concealing
their true destination of Savannah;  but, also by this, they were
living off a wide rather than a narrow swath of Georgia's farmbelt.
Still each of the four roads would be supporting 15,000 men.  These
were long columns, streatching as long as five miles.  When the head
of Sherman's corps marched into Conyers the rear of the colunn would
have just been leaving Lithonia.

There are many colorful, and somewhat touching, stories of local
residents hiding their food in the walls of their houses and such;
but, despite this, Union soldiers cannot speak too highly of all they
find to eat.  Roast pork, sweet potatoes drizzled with molasses, corn,
chicken.  Homes and farms in the direct line of march would be picked
clean by the men of the main column;  but, for the most part, the job
of these men was to march, to stay together and move quickly and
safely through enemy territory.

The foraging essential to the survival of so vast a force was done by
special details selected from each brigade by the brigade commander.
These men were chosen for their boldness and enterprise, and their
success shows that their work was carefully planned.   Each foraging
party would set out at daybreak on foot, because they could then
procure a wagon or family carriage, horses and mules from the farms
and plantations they descended on, then use the inhabitants' own
vehicles to haul off their bacon, corn-meal, turkeys, all their
(other) food.  The foragers would know the plan of march so that at
day's end it was a simple matter to rejoin the column where they would
deliver the goods to the brigade commissary and the feasting would
begin.  Sherman said, "Often would I pass these foraging-parties at
the roadside and was amused at their strange collection-mules, horses
even cattle packed with old saddles and loaded with hams, bacon, bags
of cornmeal, and poultry of every ..description." p.659

In addition to 60,000 men, Sherman had thousands of horses, mules, and
cattle to feed;  but, this was no problem either with Georgia
providing fodder in abundance.  There were cribs full of corn just
standing in the fields as if made to order.  Sherman says, "The wagons
drove close alongside, and the men in the cribs,...kicked out a wagon-
load of corn in the time I have taken to describe it."

During Sherman's month-long march through Georgia only four days of
government rations were used by his army of 60,000;  the rest was
foraged liberally off the country.  Did he say, "I will make Georgia
howl", or did he say, "I will make their stomachs growl?"

Kenner Garrard    George Stoneman  "Fightin Joe" Wheeler       Gen.William T. Sherman



 
                            The Great Cavalry Raid
 
This is the story of the Great Raid ordered by General Sherman
and carried out by cavalry under Major General George Stoneman, Brigadier
General Kenner Garrard, and Brigadier General Edward M. McCook.  It
occurred five days after the raid by Garrard on July 22, 1864.

Sherman faced by insurmountable fortifications around Atlanta sought to cut
the railroad south of Atlanta thereby removing the means of supply to the
defenders.  It was his plan to send three divisions of picked cavalry in a
deep "pincer" movement to the south of Atlanta.  Separate units moving one
from the east and one from the west would converge on the railroad at
Lovejoy's Station on the Macon & Western Railroad twenty-six miles below
Atlanta. There they would destroy the railroad and proceed to Macon tearing up
the railroad as they went.

General Stoneman commanded the eastern wing.  Before setting out on the raid
he requested permission from Sherman to continue fifty miles southwest of
Macon to Camp Sumter, the prisoner of war camp at Andersonville.  There he
would attempt to liberate the thirty-thousand Union Soldiers confined in the
camp.  Sherman gave his permission to this plan; although, he expressed the
opinion that this was probaby more than could be accomplished.

Stoneman's command left Decatur at dawn on July 27, 1864.  It
consisted of a force of two thousand one hundred-twelve mounted men
and two guns of the 24th Indiana Battery.  He passed through Conyers
where the depot lay in ruins from the raid of the 22nd.  He then
proceeded down the east bank toward Macon.  It was his private plan to
proceed on to Andersonville and not join the other divisions.
Stoneman burned and pillaged several communities as he approached
Macon all the while failing to keep General Garrard informed of his
whereabouts.  By not following the original plan Stoneman doomed the
Union operation from the start.  Any hope for success depended upon
reuniting the Federal forces so that their superior numbers could be
brought to bear against the tactical avantage the Confederates had in
being on familiar ground.

On July 30th he approached the fortifications of Macon where he was confronted
by Major General Howell Cobb with a force of some fifteen hundred citizen
volunteers and Georgia Militia.  This force was supported by artillery on
commanding high ground east of the Ocmulgee River.  Stoneman decided to bypass
Macon and proceed on to Andersonville.  At this point he received a false
report that Confederate cavalry were entering Macon to reinforce the garrison.
Stoneman appears to have lost his nerve and committment.  He turned his
division around and headed north toward the town of Clinton and unknowingly
toward the pursuing Confederates.

Brigadier General Alfred Iverson had been selected by General Joseph Wheeler
to lead the force in pursuit of Stoneman because he was from Clinton and was
familiar with the area.  At 9:30 a.m. on the morning of July 31st Stoneman
advanced and found Iverson's force astride the road on a ridge which had been
chosen because of its rugged ravines running perpendicular to the road.
Iverson's line leveled a punishing fire on the Union Soldiers leaving the
field strewn with Federal dead and wounded.

Stoneman regrouped but the skillful deployment of small mounted forces sent to
his rear convinced Stoneman that the force had arrived which had been reported
the previous day and that he was surrounded.  One of the forces consisted of
only twenty-five men.  A mad scramble ensued as the Union troups tried to get
to their mounts.  Stoneman was convinced that he was surrounded even though he
actually had a superior force of over two thousand to the Confederates one
thousand three hundred.

Stoneman was captured on the hill which now bears his name along with five
hundred officers and men.  The others escaped and retreated by various routes
back to Marietta to join General Sherman and to report the defeat.

Stoneman reportedly wept when told after his capture that he had surrendered
to a force considerable smaller than his own.  He was imprisoned at Macon and
wrote General Sherman that they had been whipped because of the conduct of a
Kentucky Brigade under its commander Adams which had broken ranks in the face
of the enemy.  Actually the defeat can be better attributed to Stoneman's
failure to follow the original plan of the operation.  First he did not follow
the original route which was to join with Garrards Division at Flat Rock on
the South River and from there to proceed to Lovejoy's Station where there
they were to meet up with McCooks Division and continue toward Macon.
Second, he retraced his route which made it easier for the Confederates to locate him
and mount an attack.


            Garrard's Raid As Reported by Augusta Chronicle
 
Taken from the Augusta Chronicle of July 24, 1864
 
Up The Road - The following we learn from passengers who
arrived by train this morning.

A Yankee raiding party made their appearance at Conyers
Depot on Friday.  This town is one hundred and fifty miles
from Augusta and thirty-one from Atlanta.  At This place
they captured two trains - a freight and passenter train.  It
is not known of how many cars the first was composed of.  The
latter consited of about twelve freight and one passenger
Car.  Both were destroyed.  The depot at Conyers was also
burned.  An engineer who escaped on a mule states that the
raiding party numbered about forty of fifty men.   As he was
riding off, he was fired at several times, but was not
injured.

At Covington, there are three hospitals.  At last
accounts, there were about fifteen hundred sick and wounded
in them.  None of these had been removed.  All the hospital
stores were also left in the place.

The Yankees also made their appearance at Covington
Friday.  This town is forty-one miles from Atlanta and one
hundred and thirty from Augusta.  Parties who escaped from
this place say that they saw a dense smoke arising from about
the locality of the depot and suppose that the Yankees had
fired that building.  Most of the government stores had been
removed.  The depot was filled with furniture belonging to
refugees.

It is thought that the bridge over Yellow River about a
mile above Covington was burned, as the raiders were seen
going towards that section.

We are also informed that a party of Yankees were seen
going in the direction of Alcova bridge five miles this side
of Covington.  As this bridge has not been guarded, it is
supposed that the raiders destroyed it.

The train now runs as far as Buck Head ninety-six miles
from Augusta and seventy-five from Atlanta.

Our informant states that great excitement exists all
along the line of the road.



               Heritage History Book Still Available
 
 The Heritage of Rockdale County,   the history authored and edited by members
of the Rockdale Genealogical Society, remains in print and available.  How long
copies will remain available is questionable.  They are being purchased daily.
Copies are on sale for $58.25 from the Nancy Guinn Memorial Library.  $4.00
should be added for shipment.  They make wonderful Christmas gifts.


Jeans & Genes is a publication of the Rockdale County Genealogical Society
Editor: Marion T. Farmer, 1500 A. Pine Log Rd. NE, Conyers, GA. 30012
             mtf@delphi.com

Mail:  % Nancy Guinn Memorial Library, 864 Green St. SW, Conyers, GA. 30012